CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: A court case in which the state prosecutes a person accused of a public crime. The penalty set by law is either a fine that goes to the state, imprisonment, or both. Nglish: Translation of illegal for Spanish speaking SQUATTER: someone who settles on someone else`s property without legal permission to do so and without the consent of the person who has the right to own the property. SUBMISSION: Give your legal documents to the clerk of the court. INCOMPETENT: A person who does not have the legal skills to manage their own affairs or property. Examples of incompetence include chronic illness or mental illness. Of course, the unlawful acts or actions of the insured have a different character. DIVORCE: the dissolution of a marriage by legal action. By drawing boundaries against unlawful conduct, the law establishes a safe area of freedom within those boundaries. This section provides clear definitions in English of general legal terms used in the Law Library. We would like to thank the Maryland Law Library and the Arkansas Legal Services for much of the following content.

APPEAL: action by which the losing party asks a higher court to review the decision. LIABILITY: legal liability for acts or omissions. His department has amassed millions of dollars in lawsuits and settlements for wrongful homicide and medical negligence, the Union-Tribune reported. LIMITED DIVORCE: establishes certain legal responsibilities while the parties are separated, but does not end the marriage. See also Absolute divorce. GROUNDS FOR DIVORCE: the legal basis for a divorce. The law provides for special circumstances in which a divorce is granted. Before the court pronounces the divorce, the person applying for divorce must prove that these conditions are met. MINOR: Persons under the legal age, which is usually 18 years old. COMPLAINT: the first document submitted to the clerk of the court to initiate an action by one person or company asserting legal rights against another. A further 27 lawsuits were filed for unlawful dismissal.

“Illegal.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Retrieved 11 October 2022. Nevertheless, the girl`s family sued the company for wrongful homicide. Eviction is the action used to throw away or eliminate an illegitimate owner and reclaim ownership of land. RIGHT: refers to legal agreements about who a child will live with and how decisions about the child will be made. Custody consists of two parts: legal and physical. Legal custody refers to decision-making authority. When a parent is awarded sole custody, it means that only they can make important decisions for the child, including, for example, medical/dental and educational decisions. Physical custody refers to where the child lives regularly.

If they decide to settle the matter, parents can enter into any custody agreement that is in the best interests of the children. If the court has to decide on custody, the judge must decide what is in the best interests of the children. Back to top TORT LIABILITY: Default caused by the negligence or wrongful act of another person that cannot be classified as a breach of contract. Back to top ANNULMENT: a court decision declaring a marriage void; It never existed legally. It is only available in certain limited circumstances. Moore, who put his career on hold to overturn Irons` false conviction, told Good Morning America that they married this summer. There is no doubt that there are false convictions resulting from false identity documents and forced confessions. COLLUSION: an agreement between two or more people that one party makes false accusations against the other.

In a divorce case, husband and wife may agree to use adultery as a ground for obtaining a divorce more quickly, knowing full well that adultery was not committed. Collusion is illegal. CIVIL ACTION: a legal proceeding in which one person (plaintiff) sues another person (defendant) who caused him harm or loss. The plaintiff seeks compensation from the defendant for his damages. Attachment: A court proceeding in which money or property belonging to one person but in the possession of another person is used to settle a debt owed by the first person to the plaintiff in the attachment proceedings. Examples of money that could be seized include salaries or bank accounts. AVERAGE: a point of contention; Basis of a prosecution. Sometimes the contract stipulates what the offending or illegal party must pay if they do not perform it. n.

the death of a human being as a result of an illegal act committed by another person. These unlawful acts include: negligence (such as reckless driving), intentional assault such as assault and/or assault, death in the course of another crime, manslaughter, manslaughter or murder. The wrongful death action is the basis for an action for wrongful death against the party(ies) who caused the death, filed on behalf of the family members who lost the business and the support of the deceased. Thus, a child could be entitled to compensation for the personal loss of a father, as well as the amount of financial assistance the child would have received from the now deceased parent, while a minor wife would receive compensation for the loss of her husband`s love and companionship and expected lifelong support, while a parent would be entitled to compensation for loss of companionship, but would not be limited to support. An action for wrongful homicide may be brought by the executor or executor of the deceased`s estate or by individual beneficiaries (family members). GUARDIAN AD LITEM: A person appointed by the court only to bring legal action on behalf of a minor or adult who is incapable of managing his or her own affairs. Duties may include filing a lawsuit for an injured child, defending a lawsuit, or filing a lawsuit against an estate. Back to top The term malicious means more than “the intentional commission of an illegal act to hurt others without legal excuse.” ABSOLUTE DIVORCE: the definitive dissolution of a marriage. Both parties are legally free to remarry. These sample phrases are automatically selected from various online information sources to reflect the current use of the word “illegal”. The views expressed in the examples do not represent the views of Merriam-Webster or its editors.

Send us your feedback. The specter of false convictions haunts the officials involved. Wright filed a civil suit for wrongful termination. BREACH OF CONTRACT: Non-compliance with a contractual clause without lawful legal excuse. Yet, if her cruelty has nothing to do with her illegitimate beginnings, she always has good reasons to separate. TRESPASS: illegal intrusion, whether by force or peace, on the property of others. David Randolph Smith, an attorney representing Paulette Parr`s widower, confirmed the FDA`s apparent acknowledgment of Parr`s death, saying he was “actively” pursuing Calvin Parr`s wrongful murder trial against Allergan. CASE: litigation that has been brought before the courts; a trial. Pre-trial detention: to be returned; Referral of a case by a court of appeal to the court of first instance for a new hearing. DEBT: the sum of money, services or property owed to others.

UNCONTESTED DIVORCE: If the defendant is not trying to stop the divorce and there are no issues to be decided by the court about the children, money or property. JURISPRUDENCE: Federal and state court decisions on how laws should be applied in certain matters. The opinions are reported in different volumes. DECISION: the result obtained by a court in the settlement of a dispute pending before it. RENEWAL OF SUMMONS: attempted re-attempt to serve summons and lien on the defendant: a charge or claim on someone else`s property to satisfy a debt or duty. EXPERT: a person qualified by particular knowledge or experience to give an opinion on the matter in question. Back to top ADMINISTRATOR: a person appointed by the court to pay the debts of a deceased person and distribute the remaining property in accordance with the law. SUMMONS: A form issued by the court that orders a party to respond to a complaint, motion or petition. Back to top DISSING-OPINION: Explicit rejection of the decision of one or more judges of a court with the decision of the majority of judges. ACCELERATION CLAUSE: A provision in a contract or promissory note that, upon the occurrence of a particular event (e.g. late payments), the full amount is due. KURZ: Written submissions submitted to a court for “information” and “persuasion” purposes.

Back to top PERSONAL REPRESENTATIVE: usually the executor or administrator of a deceased person. DISABILITY: Lack of ability to understand one`s actions. PLAINTIFF: the person who brought the action by filing a complaint. MANDANT: the person who authorized a representative to act on his or her behalf. LIQUIDATED DAMAGES: a certain amount of money agreed to by the parties to a lease (or other contract) such as the amount of damages payable by a party who has breached the agreement. Pleadings: formal written statements by the parties to a dispute setting out their respective claims and defences filed before the court. EXCEPTIONS: the debtor`s assets, which may be protected from creditors if a judgment is rendered against him. APPELLANT: A party to an appeal against a dispute. CIVIL RIGHTS: the rights conferred by the Bill of Rights, 13th and 14th centuries. Amendments to the Constitution, including the right to due process, equal treatment of all persons before the law with regard to the enjoyment of life, liberty, property and protection. Usury: Interest rate on a debt higher than the percentage allowed by law.